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    您當前位置:首頁 > 國研視點 > 專家視點 > 正文
    王一鳴:仍須堅定不移深化改革
    2019-06-06 00:00

    近日,由中國經濟出版社、《國資報告》雜志社主辦的“改革·改變·展望”年度財經論壇在北京召開。參與論壇的專家和企業界人士圍繞“回顧40年·致敬70年·迎接兩個100年”的主題,回顧了新中國成立70年的改革發展歷程,總結了輝煌成就背后的發展規律,為實現“兩個一百年”奮斗目標提供智力支持。

    成功的邏輯

    中國改革成功的關鍵是什么?改革做對了什么?

    國務院發展研究中心副主任王一鳴在主旨演講中表示:“最重要的就是開創了中國特色社會主義市場經濟體制,實現了適合中國國情并為實踐證明是成功的制度功能。”

    王一鳴認為,在創立這個體制的過程中,“以危促機”“搞對激勵”“促進競爭”“降低交易成本”“統一市場”“保持宏觀經濟穩定”等是六個非常重要的方面。

    中國社會科學院副院長蔡昉從理論層面分析了改革開放40年來中國經濟的總量和增量對世界經濟發展不僅起到了發動機的作用,同時還起到了穩定器的作用。

    而在中國人民大學校長劉偉看來,中國特色社會主義是中國的一次偉大實踐,從理論方面,它最成功的地方是因為堅持了馬克思主義全面運營指導,最大的理論貢獻是中國特色社會主義逐漸形成了中國化的馬克思主義的最新成果。中國的改革開放在堅持其辯證唯物主義方面非常鮮明,發展是硬道理,發展是第一要務,發展是永恒的主題。中國的改革開放實踐一個重大的理論突破,就是把以公有制為主體、多種所有制經濟長期共同發展的基本制度與起決定性作用的資源配置市場機制統一了起來。

    未來在哪里?

    習近平總書記在慶祝改革開放40周年大會上的重要講話中指出:“我們現在所處的,是一個船到中流浪更急、人到半山路更陡的時候,是一個愈進愈難、愈進愈險而又不進則退、非進不可的時候。”當改革到了一個需要重新爬坡的階段,該怎么樣推動中國的進一步發展?

    王一鳴說,在改革的重大關頭往往是以危機意識凝聚改革的共識,以危機的緊迫感加快改革的進程,使得改革在和危機的賽跑中總能領先一步,然后不斷地實現制度的螺旋式上升。

    王一鳴建議,面對深刻復雜變化的國內外環境,要堅定不移深化改革,按照十九大確定的路線繼續把改革推向前進。要完善公平競爭的制度,確立競爭中性原則,強化競爭政策的基礎性地位,完善公平競爭審查制度,繼續實施市場準入負面清單制度并進一步縮短清單,還要進一步完善產權制度,深化生產要素市場化改革,深化國資國企改革,深化科技體制改革,同時適應新的形勢變化,強化激勵相容的動力機制,進一步把激勵搞對。

    蔡昉則從時間、空間、分配三個維度詳細介紹了中國經濟的發展脈絡和中國未來的改革方向。他建議,在人口紅利迅速弱化的現實情況下,潛在生產力發生了斷崖式下降,因此要繼續提高勞動力供給能力,找到全要素生產力的新源泉;在比較優勢弱化的現實下,要緊隨粵港澳大灣區、“一帶一路”、長三角一體化發展等國家區域發展戰略,延續比較優勢,維持制造業發展;在勞動力市場解決再分配問題弱化的因素下,要加大發揮政府再分配職能的作用。

    作者:記者 范媛 來源:《中國經濟時報》2019年06月06日 
    【關閉窗口】



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